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Roof Shingle Types

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Roof Shingle Types

Asphalt roofing shingles are available in two primary forms: three-tab and dimensional.

  • Three-tab asphalt shingles are a linear, traditional style that is rapidly declining in popularity and gradually disappearing altogether.
  • Dimensional roofing shingles are preferred by today’s discerning homeowners. These laminated shingles come in a wide variety of colors, styles and profiles, each designed to fit a range of looks and budgets.

High-end dimensional roofing shingles can mimic the designer look of natural slate tiles or genuine cedar shakes without their associated expense or maintenance worries. In areas where local fire codes prohibit the use of wood shakes, these Class A, Fire- Resistance-rated dimensional shingles can help you achieve the look of real wood.

Asphalt shingles are less expensive than other types of roofing materials, which explains their popularity. Asphalt operates as a sealant that waterproofs the ceiling of your home. Due to the solidity of asphalt, it also increases the strength of the shingle itself. The length of time you can expect the shingles to perform will depend on your climate, installation, and a variety of other factors. Note that asphalt shingle warranties vary considerably from one manufacturer to another. Many companies offer limited lifetime warranties and assorted pro-rated periods.

Protect Your Most Valuable Investment with our Roof Maintenance Program!

in Roofing

* Triangle 919-906-3791 – areas we serve include Cary, Apex, Raleigh, Morrisville, Raleigh, Holly Springs, Durham, Chapel Hill, PittsboroA Roof tune up can help save you thousands of dollars in costly repairs. Ensuring a yearly routine maintenance program is an essential step in maximizing the life-span of your roof.

Year after year, the roofing structure is damaged by Earth’s natural elements. In the summer, a roof takes a beating from heat and UV rays. It is during these hot summer months that most damage occurs to underlayment, roof tars and penetration seals. When cold and rainy weather comes, it can result in costly leaks, mold and other expensive home repairs.  Build up of debris on your roof can also accelerate the deterioration of your roof.  Leaves, dirt, droppings, pending water, or backed up gutters also contribute to the weakening and breakdown of the roof structure.    However, most leaky roofs can be repaired if regularly maintained –  but if left unrepaired, this could create more excessive and more expensive damages.

It’s possible to have roof damage without even knowing it – so call for an inspection today.  Free estimates are given at the end of our appointment if repair work is needed. Keeping your roof clear and clean not only extends its life, but keeps your manufacturer’s warranty valid and your roof from creating a leaky disaster.  

ROOF TUNE UP PACKAGE STARTING AT $399* 

Your Maintenance Package includes…

  • Inspection of entire roof
  • Repair nail pops
  • Reseal around pipe collars & exhaust fans
  • Replace boot flashing and secure loose flashing
  • Nail down loose shingles
  • Replace broken shingles*
  • Inspect for interior leaks
  • Inspect Ventilation Penetration Seals
  • Inspect Chimney and Valley Seals (if applicable)

 

* $399 for homes up to 1200 SF, singled story residents only.  Price varies depending on the height and steepness of the roof.

* Up to 10 tabs for homes under 1880 SF.
* Up to 20 tabs for homes under 2400 SF.
* Up to 30 tabs for homes under 3400 SF.

* Triangle 919-906-3791 – areas we serve include Cary, Apex, Raleigh, Morrisville, Raleigh, Holly Springs, Durham, Chapel Hill, Pittsboro

Keep those Buzzards off of Your Roof

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According to the United States Department of Agriculture, vultures (also know as “buzzards”) have even been known to eat and damage roof shingles. Their feces on the roof can emit a strong odor, and their destructiveness can cause expensive damage on shingles and rubber roofs. Fortunately, there are several simple and effective ways to encourage the vultures on your roof to relocate.

  • Keep your property as sanitary as possible. Vultures are attracted to dead animal carcasses and the afterbirth of farm animals. If you live on a farm, remove or burn dead animals and afterbirth quickly. Check wooded property for deer carcasses and other deceased wildlife that may be attracting the birds.

 

  • Hang a realistic vulture effigy from the roof or a nearby tree. If you have a flat roof, you can hang the effigy from a tripod sitting directly on the roof. If the birds believe the dead vulture is real, they will assume the area is unsafe and stay away.

 

  • Stretch a piece of wire or fishing line tightly across the roof, 6 to 8 inches above the area where the birds perch. Stretch the line tightly enough that the birds are unable to push it down and perch on top of it. It must also be high enough that the vultures can’t straddle it.

 

  • Make frequent loud noises at dusk when the birds are getting ready to roost for the night. You can yell or clap your hands loudly to try to disturb or frighten the vultures. Firecrackers and shotgun blasts can be used to more strongly encourage the birds’ departure, but check with your local authorities first to make sure that you are not violating any local laws. Warn your neighbors of your intentions as well.

 

  • Stay within the law. Vultures are protected under the federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918. This means that you may not use any lethal means of control without first trying other methods and then acquiring legal permission to terminate nuisance birds. Permits are also required to trap and relocate the birds or disturb their nests.

 

Turkey Vulture roof damage

 

Ice dam on your Roof

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An Ice Dam is a hump of ice that forms at the edge of a roof under certain wintertime conditions. An ice dam can damage both your roof and the inside of your home. It will put gutters and downspouts at risk too. There are several things you can do to avoid getting an ice dam or to reduce the risk of damage after one has formed, but there’s really only one cure: a combination of better sealing, insulation, and venting in the attic and eaves.

HOW DO ICE DAMS FORM?

An ice dam forms when the roof over the attic gets warm enough to melt the underside of the layer of snow on the roof. The water trickles down between the layer of snow and the shingles until it reaches the eave of the roof, which stays cold because it extends beyond the side of the house. There, the water freezes, gradually growing into a mound of ice.

The flatter the pitch of the roof, the easier it is for an ice dam to get a grip. Gutters at the eaves can also trap snow and ice. If snow and ice build up high enough in the gutter, it can provide a foundation for an ice dam.

roof-ice-dam

WHAT DAMAGE DO ICE DAMS CAUSE?

When an ice dam gets big enough, melted water backs up behind it and seeps underneath the shingles. Eventually, it will drip into the insulation and down into the ceilings and exterior walls beneath the eave, ruining sheetrock and paint. If the ice dam breaks free, it can pull shingles and gutters off with it, and it will damage anything it falls on: shrubs, windowsills, cars, pets, and people. If the roof sheathing stays wet, it can form mildew and start to rot.

HOW CAN YOU DEAL WITH AN ICE DAM?

There are two avenues of attack: dealing with an existing ice dam and preventing one in the first place.

DEALING WITH EXISTING ICE DAMS

1. Remove the ice dam by breaking it free in small chucks. Do NOT use an ax or other sharp tool! You’ll cut through the shingles. Instead, tap lightly with a blunt mallet. This is slow, dangerous work, so hire someone experienced at roofing. Even if you do it safely, the chunks of ice can take pieces of shingle with them.

2. Clear out gutters and downspouts. Again, this is ladder work and an easy way to damage either plastic or metal gutters and spouts.

3. Melt troughs through the ice dam with calcium chloride ice melter. Do NOT use rock salt! It will damage paint, metals, and plants beneath the eave and wherever the salty water drains.

A good trough-maker is a tube of cloth (a leg from an old pair of panty hose works well). Fill it with calcium chloride, tie off the top, and lay it vertically across the ice dam. It will slowly melt its way down through the dam, clearing a path for the underlying water to flow free.

PREVENTING ICE DAMS

You can scrape snow from the roof whenever it falls, using a snow rake from below or a broom or plastic shovel from above. BE CAREFUL: The first method can bury you in snow, while the second can send you slipping off the roof. Hire someone who knows how to use a safety line.

You can replace your shingle roof with standing seam or other metal roof. Or you can replace the bottom three feet or so of your shingle roof with a wide metal drip edge. Whatever you do, install a water-repellant membrane under any new roofing.

Asphalt roofing popularity among homeowners

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Asphalt Roofing Shingles Popularity?

Asphalt roofing shingles are engineered to beautify and protect your home against inclement weather and offer protection against water infiltration caused by wind-driven rain or ice dams. This material is especially popular with homeowners and contractors for the following reasons:

    • Cost Effective. Asphalt is less expensive than steel roofing, natural stone tiles or genuine wood shakes.
    • Low Maintenance. Asphalt has fewer maintenance issues than stone tiles or wood shakes.
    • Easy Installation. Asphalt is quicker and easier to install than other types of roofing materials.
    • Wide Variety. Asphalt is widely available in a huge assortment of colors, pattern designs and sizes.

Asphalt roofing shingles are less expensive than other types of roofing materials, which explains their popularity and operates as a sealant that waterproofs the ceiling of your home.  It also increases the strength of the shingle itself. The length of time you can expect the shingles to perform will depend on your climate, installation, and a variety of other factors. Note that asphalt shingle warranties vary considerably from one manufacturer to another. Many companies offer limited lifetime warranties and assorted pro-rated periods.

Asphalt Roofing

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